Trigger database

Setting a trigger is one of the essential components of establishing anticipatory humanitarian action. In the humanitarian and development context, triggers help provide decision-makers the necessary information to know when and where early action should take place and who and what is likely to be impacted. In line with the impact-based forecasting approach, the trigger model is developed based on a detailed risk analysis of natural hazards, including impact assessments of past disaster events, and analysis of exposure and vulnerability data. 

This database of triggers serves as a platform for practitioners to see what triggers are being formulated and to facilitate further exchange about the trigger development process.  

With the dropdown menus and search options below, you can find trigger information according to hazard, country, sector, lead time, or vulnerability and exposure indicators. The resulting list will provide you with trigger information, a description of the trigger activation process, forecast sources, stop mechanism, and additional details of activation history, where available. The trigger information can serve as a foundation for further research and discussion when developing EAPs and anticipatory action in new contexts. 

Growing this database and keeping it up to date is a community effort. If you or your organization would like to add to the trigger database, please download and fill out the following form and send it to Irene Amuron and the Anticipation Hub.

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Heatwave EAP Kyrgyzstan

  • Hazard(s)


  • Countries


  • Lead time

    Short term

  • Risk indicators

    Socio demographic

  • Sector(s)

    Early warning, Health, Food security

  • Description

    The heatwave EAP is triggered if the 7-day forecast from the National Kyrgyzhydromet indicates that temperatures will exceed the 80th percentile for 3 or more consecutive days during June-August. The EAP is triggered with a 4-day lead time. 

  • Lead Time:

    4 days

  • Forecast Source


    The Agency on Hydrometeorology under the Ministry of Emergency Situation of the Kyrgyz Republic (Kyrgyzhydromet)

  • Risk indicators (Vulnerability & exposure)

    Socio demographic:

    children <14, elderly, poverty

  • Probability


  • Return Period


  • Stop Mechanism

    If probability of heatwave occurrence is under 75% 72 hours before heatwave, stop mechanism is enacted.

Do you have a question?

If you or your organization would like to add to the trigger database, please reach out to me.

Irene Amuron

Technical Advisor on Forecast-based Financing

Red Cross Red Crescent Climate Centre

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Featured image by NASA/ Joshua Stevens