Key facts

Hazards covered by anticipation    

Cyclone | Drought (in progress) | Floods

No. of people reached by anticipation (activation)    

Approximately 2,500 people will be reached by each Red Cross protocol

Anticipation partners in country    

Mozambique Red Cross Society | German Red Cross | Instituto Nacional de Gestao de Riesgo de Desastres | WFP

Inform Risk Index (2022)   

Hazard and exposure: 7.8

Vulnerability: 7.6

Lack of coping capacity: 6.3

Total: 7.2 (very high)

Rank: 9

Country profile

Mozambique has a long coastline - which stretches for around 2,700km along the Indian Ocean - and tropical cyclones regularly hit, both along the coast and inland. The country also has 104 rivers, which form 13 major river basins and 35 sub-basins, and flooding due to extreme rainfall and storms is common. Human settlements and economic activities are largely concentrated along the coast and the major rivers, creating hotspots of vulnerability in these hazard-prone areas.

Due to its low adaptive capacity, Mozambique’s vulnerability to extreme weather events is among the highest in Africa. Floods, tropical cyclones and droughts acutely impact poor people, as do epidemics.

Disaster management in Mozambique is coordinated by the National Institute for Disaster Management (Instituto Nacional de Gestão de Calamidades), which works through regional offices and community-based disaster risk-reduction committees on preparedness, early warnings and response. Actors working on anticipatory action in Mozambique collaborate closely with the National Institute for Disaster Management, as well as with meteorological and hydrological agencies including the Instituto Nacional de Meteorologia and the Direcção Nacional de Gestão de Recursos Hídricos.


Forecast-based financing: closing the gap between disaster preparedness and emergency relief in Southern Africa

Since 2015, the Mozambique Red Cross Society has been partnering with the German Red Cross and national institutions to establish forecast-based financing systems in the country. The Early Action Protocol (EAP) for Cyclones was the first Red Cross EAP to be approved in Africa. An EAP for Floods is under review, and a new EAP for Drought began as part of a regional project in 2020.

View the project page here.

Since 2019, WFP has been working with the Instituto Nacional de Gestao de Riesgo de Desastres and other national actors to develop nationwide forecast-based financing for drought, with a focus on food-insecure communities and people living in Gaza and Tete provinces.

View the project page here.

Latest news

CVM conducts a large-scale EAP activation simulation exercise in the Province of Nampula
April 14, 2021

The aftermath of anticipatory humanitarian actions taken for severe tropical storm ‘Chalane’ in Mozambique – was it worth it?

This blog is a short narrative about what followed as the first EAP activation in the Africa region.

Learn more
February 04, 2021

Anticipating the flood: Taking early actions at the Lower Limpopo in Mozambique

After communities in Central Mozambique have experienced the impact of Tropical Cyclone “Eloïse” just last week, significant rainfall in Mozambique’s South is leading to flooding in the Lower …

Learn more
January 22, 2021

Mozambique Red Cross taking early action as Tropical Cyclone Eloise brings strong winds and rains

Just a little over three weeks after witnessing the last tropical storm (Chalane), the population along Central Mozambique’s coastline is bracing for the impact of Tropical Cyclone Eloise. Eloise is …

Learn more