Key facts:

Hazards covered by anticipation    

El Niño – Intense rainfall | Volcanic Ash

No of people reached by anticipation(activation)    

Red Cross: 1,000

Anticipation partners in country    

Ecuador Red Cross Society | German Red Cross | Red Cross and the Red Cross Red Crescent Climate Centre

Inform Risk Index    

Hazard and Exposure: 4.7

Vulnerability: 3.8

Lack of Coping Capacity: 4.0

Total: 4.1 (medium risk)

Rank: 76


Photo by: Fernando Nunoz / IFRC

Country Profile

Ecuador is an upper-middle income country that spans three geographically and culturally diverse climate zones: the high Andean mountains, the Amazonian rainforest, and an arid coastline. Each zone presents unique hazards. Volcanoes in the Andes erupt periodically, spewing toxic ash that compromise people’s health, kill livestock, and destroy crops. Intense rainfall associated with El Niño causes flooding and landslides resulting in loss of human life, damages to homes and infrastructure, disruption of livelihoods and economic activity, and waterborne disease. In addition to these hazards, the population has also suffered from earthquakes, storm surges, epidemics, and droughts. Over 60% of the population lives in areas exposed to multiple hazards. Highly populated urban areas, weak land use and building codes that do not sufficiently address potential risks, and environmental degradation all contribute to the population’s vulnerability.

Ecuador has a decentralized framework for disaster risk management. The Ecuador Red Cross have been working on Early Action Protocols for volcanic ash and intense rainfall in close collaboration with these structures since 2017.



Strengthening FbF Readiness in Ecuador

Since 2017 the Ecuador Red Cross Society has been working to develop protocols for volcanic ash falls and intense rainfall associated with El Niño. The volcanic ash protocol was activated in September 2020.