Anticipatory Humanitarian Action in Sub-Saharan Africa

Anticipatory Humanitarian Action is gaining great momentum across Africa with engagement from various stakeholders, including but not limited to, the Red Cross and Red Crescent (RCRC) Movement, Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), World Food Programme (WFP), OCHA, START Network, governments, National Meteorological and Hydrological services, research institutions and universities. These stakeholders are partnering at country, regional and global levels to implement anticipatory action projects and initiatives.

International research collaborations are also taking place helping to strengthen new scientific knowledge, tools and partnerships to support anticipatory action in Africa. For example, “Forecast for Anticipatory Humanitarian Action” (FATHUM) and “Forecast-based Preparedness Action” (ForPAc) supported joint trigger development in Kenya, Ethiopia and Uganda. We are excited to highlight that University of Eduardo Mondlane, University of Namibia, University of Lesotho, Stellenbosch University and Makerere University, have all joined as partners of the Anticipation Hub.  


Facts and figures

Early Action Protocols in Mali (floods), Niger (floods), Zambia (floods) and Mozambique (floods and cyclones) have been approved by the Disaster Relief Emergency Fund and EAPs are being validated in Kenya (floods), Uganda (floods) and Ethiopia (floods).

20 Countries in Africa implementing the FbF approach
5 Number of EAP approved within the RCRC
3 Number of EAP in the process
10 Number of Hub partners in Sub-Saharan Africa

Country and project pages in Sub-Saharan Africa

You can find detailed information on anticipatory action projects in Africa from our country pages.  Initiatives on anticipatory action in Africa are organized in three regions:

  • Southern Africa region
  • Eastern Africa region
  • Sahel region

Sub-regional update pages will be developed soon.

View country pages

Working groups

The Africa region has developed multiple working groups at the regional and sub-regional levels facilitating knowledge sharing and exchange on anticipatory antion.

  • Africa wide forecast based financing technical working group
  • Southern Africa Regional forecast based financing technical working group
  • Southern Africa Climate Change Task Team
  • Eastern Africa regional forecast based financing technical working group
  • Food Security Nutrition Working Group
View working groups

Latest news

CVM conducts a large-scale EAP activation simulation exercise in the Province of Nampula
April 14, 2021

The aftermath of anticipatory humanitarian actions taken for severe tropical storm ‘Chalane’ in Mozambique – was it worth it?

This blog is a short narrative about what followed as the first EAP activation in the Africa region.

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February 04, 2021

Anticipating the flood: Taking early actions at the Lower Limpopo in Mozambique

After communities in Central Mozambique have experienced the impact of Tropical Cyclone “Eloïse” just last week, significant rainfall in Mozambique’s South is leading to flooding in the Lower …

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January 22, 2021

Mozambique Red Cross taking early action as Tropical Cyclone Eloise brings strong winds and rains

Just a little over three weeks after witnessing the last tropical storm (Chalane), the population along Central Mozambique’s coastline is bracing for the impact of Tropical Cyclone Eloise. Eloise is …

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Latest events

Welthungerhilfe FbA Kick off/Recap Call for Zimbabwe Start Network Member Organizations

Welthungerhilfe supported by the Start Network is setting off on a drought early action journey in Zimbabwe. We would like to organise a meeting with all Start Network member organisations active in …

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Phoebe Wafubwa Shikuku

Disaster Risk Reduction & Forecast based Financing Advisor, IFRC Regional Office

Jurg Wilbrink

Disaster Risk Reduction & Forecast based Financing Advisor, IFRC Pretoria Cluster

Irene Amuron

Technical Advisor, Red Cross Red Crescent Climate Centre

“Whereas traditional disaster response is based on damage-limiting reaction to weather-related hazards, FbF focuses on anticipating them with the help of scientific data and research.
The Red Cross Red Crescent Movement is a pioneer in the area of disaster management. With FbF, we continue along this path, but instead of responding only, we now anticipate adverse events, and provide humanitarian assistance accordingly. It’s a real game-changer for us.”

Dr Michael Adekunle Charles Head of Southern Africa Cluster Office, IFRC

Africa Dialogue Platform 2020 LIVE Blog

The 3rd Africa Dialogue Platform was held virtually from the 27th to 29th of October 2020 with nearly 300 participants. A wide range of diverse and interactive events took place, around the topics of anticipation in the humanitarian system, Forecast-based Financing, Early Warning-Early Action and Disaster Risk Financing.. 

Click below to access the LIVE Blog and re-watch the plenaries and sessions:

Visit the event platform

Latest tweets from our partners in the region