Key facts:

Hazards covered by anticipation    

Flood | El Niño | Cold waves

Anticipation partners in country    

Peruvian Red Cross | German Red Cross | Red Cross and the Red Cross Red Crescent Climate Centre

Inform Risk Index    

Hazard and Exposure: 5.2

Vulnerability: 4.5

Lack of Coping Capacity: 4.4

Total: 4.7 (medium risk)

Rank: 55

Country Profile

Peru is a an upper-middle income country that spans three climatic zones ranging from its arid coastline to the Andes mountains and he Amazon rainforest. These zones are economically and culturally diverse and are also exposed to different hazards. Poor, small-scale herders in the Andes are threatened by extreme cold and snowfall, which threatens the health of their animals and contributes to respiratory illnesses in people. In El Niño years, intense rainfall often causes flooding in the coastal areas, damaging homes, infrastructure, agricultural land, and other livelihoods, and resulting in disease outbreaks and human fatalities. Communities along the Amazon are at risk for slower-onset flooding that isolate communities, destroy crops and agricultural land, and restrict access to clean water, and increase the incidence of mosquito-borne diseases.

Since 2015, the Peruvian Red Cross has been working to develop early action protocols that protect people from these three hazards. However, in addition to these, Peru is also exposed to earthquakes, tsunami’s volcanoes, and landslides, all of which put people in danger and can cause significant damage to infrastructure and livelihoods. 



Since 2015 the Peruvian Red Cross, the German Red Cross, and the Climate Centre have been working in close coordination with government entities to develop three EAPs, one for cold wave and snowfall, one for flooding in the Amazon, and another for coastal flooding associated with El Niño.