Early action database

Identifying appropriate early actions for a particular hazard and context is essential to successful anticipatory action. In the interest of facilitating exchange between organizations, regions, and actors, this early action database allows practitioners to see what anticipatory actions are being implemented or considered around the world.

Using the dropdown menus and search options below, you can pull up early actions according to country, organization, hazard, sector, or intended purpose. The resulting list will provide you with basic information about the actions including lead times and links to additional resources, where available. This information can serve as the foundation for further research and discussion as to how to adapt these actions to new contexts.

Please note that, at the moment, the early action database only contains early actions from Red Cross Red Crescent National Societies, but the Hub is working with other actors in anticipatory humanitarian action to catalog their programs and actions and include them in the database as soon as possible.

Results

104
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Action

Assist with livestock and/or asset evacuation

  • Country

    Ethiopia

  • Organization

    Red Cross Red Crescent

  • Hazard

    Flood

  • Sector

    FOOD SECURITY , LIVELIHOODS

  • Lead Time

    7 days

  • Purpose

    Prevent loss of livestock

  • Detail of action

    Evacuation of domestic animals to a temporary shelter (schools, church, mosques) through community mobilization and by providing cash voucher assistance

Action

Assist with livestock and/or asset evacuation

  • Country

    Philippines

  • Organization

    Red Cross Red Crescent

  • Hazard

    Flood

  • Sector

    FOOD SECURITY , LIVELIHOODS

  • Lead Time

    2 days

  • Purpose

    Prevent loss of livestock

  • Detail of action

    Assist people in evacuating livestock by constructing sage evacuation spaces for swine, goat, carabao, and cattle near human evacuation centers. These centers are built through cash for work programs. Animals are provided with food and water at the evacuation site for maximum 3 days, at which point the owner is responsible for providing food if evacuation continues. 

Action

Assist with livestock and/or asset evacuation

  • Country

    Zambia

  • Organization

    Red Cross Red Crescent

  • Hazard

    Flood

  • Sector

    FOOD SECURITY , LIVELIHOODS

  • Lead Time

    7 days

  • Purpose

    Prevent loss of livestock

  • Detail of action

    Identification of safe havens or alternative pasture land for the animals and relocating kraals to elevated grounds. 

Action

Assist with livestock and/or asset evacuation

  • Country

    Bangladesh

  • Organization

    Red Cross Red Crescent

  • Hazard

    Cyclone / Typhoon

  • Sector

    FOOD SECURITY , LIVELIHOODS

  • Lead Time

    30 hours

  • Purpose

    Prevent loss of livestock , Prevent loss of life

  • Detail of action

    Using tractors BDRCS helps people to evacuate along with their assets and livestock. Providing help moving livestock and assets will encourage them to leave rather than stay behind. One of the main pre-conditions for utilizing tractors is the availability of usable roads to the cyclone shelters.

  • Multi hazard considerations

    During COVID-19, BDRCS delayed evacuation to last minute to minimize crowding, identified extra shelters to allow for physical distancing, and disinfected shelters prior to evacuees arrival. 

Action

Assist with livestock and/or asset evacuation

  • Country

    Philippines

  • Organization

    Red Cross Red Crescent

  • Hazard

    Cyclone / Typhoon

  • Sector

    FOOD SECURITY , LIVELIHOODS

  • Lead Time

    3 days

  • Purpose

    Prevent loss of livestock , Prevent loss of life

  • Detail of action

    Assist with livestock (primarily pigs and cattle) as well as assets. Assets were primarily fishing boats and nets owned by local fishermen

Action

Cash for Work

  • Country

    Philippines

  • Organization

    Red Cross Red Crescent

  • Hazard

    Flood

  • Sector

    CASH

  • Lead Time

    2 days

  • Purpose

    General support

  • Detail of action

    Teams of 20 farmers and/or fishermen are hired to construct temporary livestock pens for evacuated animals at each evacuation site.

  • Multi hazard considerations

    During COVID-19, PRCS stopped all hand-to-hand transfer of documents or materials, instead using a wooden stick to transfer all documents. 

Action

Cash for Work

  • Country

    Philippines

  • Organization

    Red Cross Red Crescent

  • Hazard

    Cyclone / Typhoon

  • Sector

    CASH

  • Lead Time

    3 days

  • Purpose

    General support

  • Detail of action

    Cash for work is provided for people to help with harvest, help reinforce houses, or clean drains, as appropriate given the season.

  • Multi hazard considerations

    During COVID-19 outbreak, PRCS stopped all hand-to-hand transfer of documents or materials during distributions and used wooden sticks to transfer documents in addition to taking general precautions such as the use of masks, hand washing, etc. 

Action

Clearing/digging drainage around crop land

  • Country

    Zambia

  • Organization

    Red Cross Red Crescent

  • Hazard

    Flood

  • Sector

    SHELTER

  • Lead Time

    7 days

  • Purpose

    Prevent loss of crops

  • Detail of action

    Mobilize communities to divert flood water by digging trenches.

Action

Community cooling shelters

  • Country

    Vietnam

  • Organization

    Red Cross Red Crescent

  • Hazard

    Heatwave

  • Sector

    HEALTH

  • Lead Time

    6 days

  • Purpose

    Reduce incidence of acute illnes/ loss of life

  • Detail of action

    Community cooling centres to offer an air-conditioned place to vulnerable outside worker groups for a total of five days, one before the heatwave is forecast to start and for 4 days thereafter. These facilities are managed by VNRC volunteers and provide water, cold tea and fresh towels to visitors. The cooling centres allowed street vendors and other vulnerable persons working in the streets (builders, shippers) to have a much-needed rest to recover from long exposure to high temperatures. 

  • Multi hazard considerations

    During COVID-19, VNRCS improved ventilation in cooling tents by making the structure more open. Physical distancing was enforced within the tents. Volunteers provided bottled water instead of water in cups. 

Action

Conditional cash transfer

  • Country

    Vietnam

  • Organization

    Red Cross Red Crescent

  • Hazard

    Heatwave

  • Sector

    HEALTH

  • Lead Time

    6 days

  • Purpose

    Reduce incidence of acute illnes/ loss of life

  • Detail of action

    Lack of financial resources was identified as a key barrier to owning or using cooling devices in informal settlements. Cash distribution aims to reduce the economic burden of utility bills and healthcare costs for these poor households. 

Action

Conduct assessments

  • Country

    Peru

  • Organization

    Red Cross Red Crescent

  • Hazard

    Intense rainfall , El Niño

  • Sector

    ASSESSMENT

  • Lead Time

    3 months

  • Purpose

    Facilitate access to additional, timely funding

  • Detail of action

    At the early stages of the El Niño, create communication and collaboration lines to collect data necessary to seek additional funding and support and expand the reach of early actions. 

Action

Cool residences

  • Country

    Vietnam

  • Organization

    Red Cross Red Crescent

  • Hazard

    Heatwave

  • Sector

    HEALTH

  • Lead Time

    6 days

  • Purpose

    Reduce incidence of acute illnes/ loss of life

  • Detail of action

    The team explored retrofitting housing in slums and assistance for procuring cooling systemsin order to help people cool down while they sleep. This action was ultimately not included in the EAP. 

Action

Cool residences

  • Country

    Kyrgyzstan

  • Organization

    Red Cross Red Crescent

  • Hazard

    Heatwave

  • Sector

    HEALTH

  • Lead Time

    7 days

  • Purpose

    Reduce incidence of acute illnes/ loss of life

  • Detail of action

    Installation of air conditioners in personal dwellings and elder care homes.

  • Multi hazard considerations

    During COVID-19 volunteers, suppliers and instalation crew to wear masks, gloves and observe strict hygiene practices before, during and after entering the care homes, which are home to the populations most vulnerable to the disease. They will also seek advice from public health authorities and staff before entering any care home, and if possible, have staff install the units themselves to reduce exposure. 

Action

Cooling buses

  • Country

    Vietnam

  • Organization

    Red Cross Red Crescent

  • Hazard

    Heatwave

  • Sector

    HEALTH

  • Lead Time

    6 days

  • Purpose

    Reduce incidence of acute illnes/ loss of life

  • Detail of action

    Cooling buses travel the main streets and bring vulnerable people to cooling centers. 

  • Multi hazard considerations

    This action had to be canceled during COVID-19 outbreak because safe distance could not be maintained in an enclosed vehicle.

Action

Create mobile health units

  • Country

    Togo

  • Organization

    Red Cross Red Crescent

  • Hazard

    Flood

  • Sector

    HEALTH

  • Lead Time

    Not available

  • Purpose

    Reduce incidence of acute illnes/ loss of life

  • Detail of action

    Create mobile units that can treat people and render first aid at shelters or other areas they are displaced. 

Action

Creating conditions at evacuation sites

  • Country

    Nepal

  • Organization

    Red Cross Red Crescent

  • Hazard

    Flood

  • Sector

    PROTECTION

  • Lead Time

    7 days and 24 hours

  • Purpose

    Creating conditions at evacuation sites

  • Detail of action

    TBD

Action

Creating conditions at evacuation sites

  • Country

    Togo

  • Organization

    Red Cross Red Crescent

  • Hazard

    Flood

  • Sector

    GENERAL

  • Lead Time

    Not available

  • Purpose

    Reduce incidence of acute illnes/ loss of life

  • Detail of action

    Distribution of NFI at evacuation sites to encourage people to evacuate, including soap, buckets, mosquito repellent and mosquito nets, and tarpaulins so that people can build temporary shelter.

Action

Disseminate early warning messages

  • Country

    Kyrgyzstan

  • Organization

    Red Cross Red Crescent

  • Hazard

    Heatwave

  • Sector

    EARLY WARNING

  • Lead Time

    7 days

  • Purpose

    Reduce general health impacts

  • Detail of action

    Dissemination of early warning messages and information campaigns via videos, master classes, and SMS. 

  • Multi hazard considerations

    During COVID-19 the distribution of materials in public places was cancelled and more emphasis was placed on SMS distribution of early warning messages.

Action

Disseminate early warning messages

  • Country

    Tajikistan

  • Organization

    Red Cross Red Crescent

  • Hazard

    Heatwave

  • Sector

    EARLY WARNING

  • Lead Time

    5 days

  • Purpose

    Reduce general health impacts

  • Detail of action

    Dissemination of early warning messages in affected areas via telephone and megaphone

  • Multi hazard considerations

    During COVID-19, educational materials were modified to include information on recognizing and mitigating risk of illness; Social distancing was enforced for volunteers and beneficiaries; Face masks and bottles of hand sanitizer were added to hygiene kits; Hand sanitizer was available at all distribution points; Distributions were done in shaded open air locations whenever possible; An increased quantity of hand sanitizer was distributed to beneficiaries;

Action

Disseminate early warning messages

  • Country

    Bangladesh

  • Organization

    WFP

  • Hazard

    Flood

  • Sector

    EARLY WARNING

  • Lead Time

    Not available

  • Purpose

    Stregthen and reinforce existing early warning systems

  • Detail of action

    Support national early warning system by ensuring that media messages and higher-level flood warnings make it to communities targeted by the project.