Vietnam

Key facts:

Hazards covered by anticipation    

Heatwave | Drought

No of people reached by anticipation(activation)    

25.525 people

Anticipation partners in country    

Vietnam Red Cross | German Red Cross | IFRC | FAO

Inform Risk Index    

Hazard and Exposure: 5.4

Vulnerability: 2.2

Lack of Coping Capacity: 4.2

Total: 3.7 (medium risk)

Rank: 92

Country Profile

Vietnam is a middle-income country with monsoonal climate in the north, a tropical climate in the south, and over 3,000 kilometers of coastline. Its varied terrain is characterized by mountains, coastal lowlands, and a major river delta (the Mekong). Over 70 percent of the population is exposed to one or more hazards, including floods and landslides, typhoons, heatwaves, earthquakes, and droughts. Most prominent among these are floods and landslides, which cause human fatalities and damage or destroy homes and agricultural land, threatening rice production and food security. Increasing temperatures and urbanization have also contributed to heatwaves, which can have severe health effects on the children, elderly, and those that live or work with little protection from the elements.

Disaster management and response in Vietnam is coordinated under the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, which is also responsible for state management of agriculture, fisheries, irrigation, rural development and related sectors.

 

Projects

Forecast-based Financing: Closing the gap between Disaster Risk Reduction and Relief in Vietnam 

The VNRC and GRC started engaging in FbF in Vietnam in 2018, when they began looking into the impacts of heat waves in urban areas. VNRC and German Red Cross are working on an Early Action Protocol to protect vulnerable urban populations in Hanoi, Hai Phong and Da Nang from the health effects of heat waves.

FAO is working on anticipation of droughts in Vietnam.