Hazards covered by anticipation
Cold waves | Heat waves
No. of people reached by anticipation (activation)
EAP for Heat Wave: over 1,000 households
EAP for Cold Wave: over 1,000 households
Anticipation partners in country
Red Crescent Society of Tajikistan | Red Cross Red Crescent Climate Centre | German Red Cross | Committee of Emergency Situations and Civil Defense | National Agency for Hydrometeorology of Tajikistan
Inform Risk Index (2022)
Hazard and exposure: 5.0
Lack of coping capacity: 5.0
Total: 4.4 (medium)
Mountainous, landlocked and low income, Tajikistan is the country most vulnerable to weather- and climate-related hazards in Central Asia. It is the poorest country in the region, with over 50 per cent of the population subsisting on less than 3.10 US dollars per day.
Although only 7 per cent of the country’s land is arable, over 50 per cent of the working population depends on agriculture for their livelihood. As such, livelihoods are highly vulnerable to hydrometeorological disasters that affect agriculture, including flooding, heat waves, cold waves, drought, mudflows and landslides. These hazards also threaten the country's hydroelectricity generation.
Although less common than hydrometeorological hazards, earthquakes have led to human fatalities and caused significant damage to infrastructure. Annually, Tajikistan loses approximately 20 per cent of its gross domestic product to disasters.
The Rapid Emergency Assistance and Coordination Team and the National Platform for Disaster Risk Management coordinate closely with the Red Crescent Society of Tajikistan to develop human-centric risk-reduction measures. Since 2007, the Red Crescent Society of Tajikistan has been partnered with the German Red Cross to reduce humanitarian crises in the country.
Since 2019, the German Red Cross , the Red Crescent Society of Tajikistan, the Committee of Emergency Situations and Civil Defense, and the National Agency for Hydrometeorology of Tajikistan have been working jointly on a forecast-based financing project which aims to develop Early Action Protocols (EAPs) for heat waves and cold waves.