Key facts:

Hazards covered by anticipation    

Typhoons | Floods

No of people reached by anticipation(activation)    

Christian Aid’s 2019 volcanic ash activation reached 90,741 people (START Network)

Red Cross protocols will reach approximately 2000 people when activated

Anticipation partners in country    

The Philippines Red Cross | German Red Cross | Finnish Red Cross |Red Cross Red Crescent Climate Centre | International Federation of the Red Cross | 510 initiative of the Netherlands Red Cross | Provincial Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Offices | World Good Programme | UN Food and Agriculture Organization | The START Network | Philippines Office of Civil Defense | National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council | Philippine Atmospheric Geophysical and Astronomical Services (PAGASA) | Philippines Department of Interior

Inform Risk Index    

Hazard and Exposure: 7.8

Vulnerability: 4.5

Lack of Coping Capacity: 4.3

Total: 5.3 (high risk)

Rank: 33

Country Profile

The Philippines ranks among the countries with the highest disaster risk in the world.  As an archipelago consisting of over 7,000 islands, with over 30,000 kilometers of coastline and 18 major river basins, the country is highly exposed to typhoons and floods, which were 80 percent of natural disasters in the last 50 years.  Flooding, wind, and storm surges associated with these events destroy houses and crops and disrupt livelihoods. Landslides, droughts, earthquakes, tsunamis and volcanic eruptions also periodically threaten the population. Furthermore, sporadic but ongoing conflict between Moro Muslim groups and the government compounds vulnerability in the Mindanao Region by contributing to displacement and infrastructure damage. Seventy-four percent of the country’s population is exposed to multiple hazards.

Disaster policy is guided by the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Law of 2010, which states that all provinces, cities and municipalities must establish a DRRM Office, with a DRRM Officer in charge, and must “formulate and implement a comprehensive and integrated LDRRM Plan.” This Plan shall detail the use of the Local DRRM Fund (LDRRMF) which can be one source of funding for pre-disaster activities.

The Philippines Red Cross (and other partners) have been working since 2017 to develop Early Action Protocols for floods and cyclones and have made significant headway in integrating early action with local and provincial disaster management structures by either in complementing the efforts of the PRC during an activation or through the allocation of funds for Early Actions.



Forecast-based Financing (FbF) in the Philippines – Closing the Gap between Disaster Risk Reduction and Emergency Relief

Since 2017, Philippines Red Cross Society and the German Red Cross have been working to establish early action protocols for floods and cyclones. A drought EAP is now also under development.   


In April 2019 START Network funded Christian aid to respond to volcanic activity (alert 317).

More information will follow.


Since 2015, WFP has been a part of a technical working group on FbF along with other practitioners including the Philippines Red Cross Society, FAO, and the START Network. As part of the working group, these organizations generate evidence regarding FbF interventions to enable the government to select and implement appropriate early actions.