Niger

Key facts:

Hazards covered by anticipation    

Drought | Flooding

Anticipation partners in country    

Belgian Red Cross | French Red Cross | Red Cross Red Crescent Climate Centre | Spanish Red Cross | Community Early Warning and Emergency Response System | Vulnerability Monitoring Observatory | Ministry of Humanitarian Action and Disaster Management | Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock | National Food Crisis Preparation and Management System | Civil Protection Agencies

Inform Risk Index    

Hazard and Exposure: 7.4

Vulnerability: 6.9

Lack of Coping Capacity: 7.7

Total: 7.3 (very high risk)

Rank: 7

 

Photo by Niger Red Cross, IFRC

Country Profile

Niger is a landlocked low income country in the Sahel. Nearly 80 percent of the population lives in rural areas and relies on agriculture and pastoralism, which are highly depend on and are vulnerable to variations in water availability and seasonal rainfall. As a result, the most significant, natural hazards in Niger are floods and drought. Niger is among the countries most at risk of drought worldwide. Drought conditions and water scarcity during crucial stages in the growing season, as well as the reoccurrence of shocks, are a major determinant for low agricultural productivity, crop damage or yield reduction, low livestock productivity, and resulting food insecurity. In severe food crises, drought impacts have left several million people in need of food assistance. Progressive desertification is also hampering agriculture-dependent livelihoods.

Floods are concentrated in the South along the Niger River and its tributaries, whereas the western part of Niger is associated with highest flood risk. The upper catchment areas increasingly face problems with soil erosion and land degradation. Flood impacts range from losses in agricultural production, critical damage to infrastructure and housing in urban areas, as well as loss of life. In addition to floods and droughts, further pressure on livelihoods is caused by storms, heatwaves, locust infestations, and wildfires.

Projects

Strengthening the resilience of populations in the face of periods of food and nutritional insecurity in the region of Zinder

Since 2019 the Niger Red Cross, with support from the French Red Cross and the Red Cross and Red Crescent Climate Centre, has been developing an EAP drought as an integral component of a project to build community resilience against food insecurity.

The Niger Red Cross developed an EAP for floods in the Dosso and Zinder Regions with support from the Belgian Red Cross.

Reinforcing national capacity for forecast-based financing

In 2019 WFP began supporting the development of seasonal forecasts, triggers, and early action for drought in the Zinder region (Dogo commune). It is coordinating with the Niger Red Cross and FAO.

FAO is working to support early action for drought in Niger.