Key facts:

Hazards covered by anticipation    


No of people reached by anticipation(activation)    

Still being defined

Anticipation partners in country    

Namibia Red Cross | German Red Cross | Red Cross Red Crescent Climate Centre | International Federation of the Red Cross | 510 initiative of the Netherlands Red Cross | UN Food and Agriculture Organisation

Inform Risk Index    

Hazard and Exposure: 2.5

Vulnerability: 4.9

Lack of Coping Capacity: 5.0

Total: 3.9 (medium risk)

Rank: 84


Photo by IFRC / Hugo Nijentap

Country Profile

As the most arid country in Southern Africa, Namibia is no stranger to disaster. The country generally ranks among the highest in the world in terms of disaster mortality relative to population size and in terms of the percentage of population affected by natural disasters. The main hazards which Namibia faces are flooding, flash flooding, droughts, veld fires, disease outbreaks, and heat waves. Hydrometeorological disasters impact the most people across the country, and droughts and floods often alternate from year to year. With 22% of the country classified as desert and 37% as semi-arid, Namibians experience high levels of water stress and scarcity even in non-drought years, and drought plays out differently according to the agroecological zones affected. The impacts of drought include reduced water supply for human and agricultural consumption and subsequent food shortages and increases in communicable diseases. Floods destroy houses, crops, and infrastructure and can kill or displace people and their livestock. These impacts are felt most heavily among poor, rural households.

Namibia’s disaster policies are outlined in the National Disaster Risk Policy and seeks to reduce loss of life and property and to protect the environment through partnerships for risk reduction and raising public awareness.  



Forecast-based Financing: Closing the gap between disaster preparedness and emergency relief in Southern Africa

The Namibia Red Cross Society (NRCS), the German Red Cross (GRC) and the British Red Cross (BRC) have been working on establishing FbF in Namibia since 2020, with the support of the Red Cross Red Crescent Climate Centre (RCCC) and the German Federal Foreign Office (GFFO) and the Foreign, Commonwealth & Development Office (FCDO). The project is now working on an EAP on drought risk, for which new partnerships and a national technical working group for drought FbF are being built.


FAO is also working on drought in Namibia.