Hazards covered by anticipation
Floods | Cyclone | Drought (in progress)
No of people reached by anticipation(activation)
Approximately 2,500 people will be reached by each Red Cross protocol
Anticipation partners in country
Mozambique Red Cross | German Red Cross | Instituto Nacional de Gestao de Riesgo de Desastres (INGC)
Inform Risk Index
Hazard and Exposure: 6.4
Lack of Coping Capacity: 6.5
Total: 6.7 (very high risk)
Mozambique’s coastline measures 2,700 km along the Indian Ocean, and tropical cyclones regularly impact both the coast and the mainland. A total of 104 rivers in Mozambique form 13 major river basins and 35 sub-basins, nine of which span international borders. Flooding due to extreme rainfall and storms is common along their shores. Human settlements and their economic activities concentrate along the coast and the major waterways, leading to hotspots of vulnerability in hazard-prone areas. Due to its low adaptive capacity, Mozambique’s vulnerability to extreme weather events ranks as the third highest in Africa. Floods, tropical cyclones, droughts and epidemics acutely impact poor populations.
Disaster management in Mozambique is coordinated by the National Institute for Disaster Management (Instituto Nacional de Gestão de Calamidades, INGC), which works through regional offices and community-based disaster risk reduction committees on preparedness, early warning and response. Actors working on early action in Mozambique collaborate closely with INGC as well as the Meteorological and Hydrological agencies, INAM (Instituto Nacional de Meteorologia) and DNGRH Direcção Nacional de Gestão de Recursos Hídricos).
Mozambique Red Cross - Forecast-based Financing: Closing the gap between disaster preparedness and emergency relief in Southern Africa
Since 2015 Mozambique Red Cross has been partnering with German Red Cross and national institutions to establish FbF systems in the country. The cyclone protocol was the first Red Cross EAP to be approved for Africa, the flood protocol is under review, and a new drought protocol began as part of a regional project in early 2020.
Since 2019 WFP has been working with INGC and other national actors to develop nationwide FbF for drought with a focus on food insecure communities and people living in Gaza and Tete provinces.