Key facts:

Hazards covered by anticipation    

Floods | Cyclone | Drought (in progress)

No of people reached by anticipation(activation)    

Approximately 2,500 people will be reached by each Red Cross protocol

Anticipation partners in country    

Mozambique Red Cross | German Red Cross | Instituto Nacional de Gestao de Riesgo de Desastres (INGC) | WFP

Inform Risk Index    

Hazard and Exposure: 6.4

Vulnerability: 7.2

Lack of Coping Capacity: 6.5

Total: 6.7 (very high risk)

Rank: 10

Country Profile

Mozambique’s coastline measures 2,700 km along the Indian Ocean, and tropical cyclones regularly impact both the coast and the mainland. A total of 104 rivers in Mozambique form 13 major river basins and 35 sub-basins, nine of which span international borders. Flooding due to extreme rainfall and storms is common along their shores. Human settlements and their economic activities concentrate along the coast and the major waterways, leading to hotspots of vulnerability in hazard-prone areas. Due to its low adaptive capacity, Mozambique’s vulnerability to extreme weather events ranks as the third highest in Africa. Floods, tropical cyclones, droughts and epidemics acutely impact poor populations.

Disaster management in Mozambique is coordinated by the National Institute for Disaster Management (Instituto Nacional de Gestão de Calamidades, INGC), which works through regional offices and community-based disaster risk reduction committees on preparedness, early warning and response. Actors working on early action in Mozambique collaborate closely with INGC as well as the Meteorological and Hydrological agencies, INAM (Instituto Nacional de Meteorologia) and DNGRH Direcção Nacional de Gestão de Recursos Hídricos).  




Mozambique Red Cross - Forecast-based Financing: Closing the gap between disaster preparedness and emergency relief in Southern Africa

Since 2015 Mozambique Red Cross has been partnering with German Red Cross and national institutions to establish FbF systems in the country. The cyclone protocol was the first Red Cross EAP to be approved for Africa, the flood protocol is under review, and a new drought protocol began as part of a regional project in early 2020.

View project page here.


Since 2019 WFP has been working with INGC and other national actors to develop nationwide FbF for drought with a focus on food insecure communities and people living in Gaza and Tete provinces.

View project page here

Latest news

CVM conducts a large-scale EAP activation simulation exercise in the Province of Nampula
April 14, 2021

The aftermath of anticipatory humanitarian actions taken for severe tropical storm ‘Chalane’ in Mozambique – was it worth it?

This blog is a short narrative about what followed as the first EAP activation in the Africa region.

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February 04, 2021

Anticipating the flood: Taking early actions at the Lower Limpopo in Mozambique

After communities in Central Mozambique have experienced the impact of Tropical Cyclone “Eloïse” just last week, significant rainfall in Mozambique’s South is leading to flooding in the Lower …

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January 22, 2021

Mozambique Red Cross taking early action as Tropical Cyclone Eloise brings strong winds and rains

Just a little over three weeks after witnessing the last tropical storm (Chalane), the population along Central Mozambique’s coastline is bracing for the impact of Tropical Cyclone Eloise. Eloise is …

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