Key facts:

Hazards covered by anticipation    


Anticipation partners in country    

START Network | WFP | FAO | BNGRC (Disaster and Risk Manamement Office) | DGM (Direction Generale de la Meteorologie) | Welthungerhilfe

Inform Risk Index    

Hazard and Exposure: 3.8

Vulnerability: 5.1

Lack of Coping Capacity: 7.1

Total: 5.2 (high risk)

Rank: 34


Photo by iAko Randrianarivelo/ IFRC

Country profile

Madagascar is a tropical, low-income country with poverty levels among the highest in the world. Approximately 80 percent of the population live on less than US$1.25 per day and 25 percent of the population is food insecure. Madagascar is exposed to cyclones, earthquakes, droughts, floods, and epidemics (usually of the plague). The economy is primarily dependent upon small-holder agriculture, fisheries, and livestock production, all three of which suffer from the effects of hydrometeorological disasters. All of these hazards contribute to increased food insecurity. Given its location in the Indian Ocean, Madagascar, the world’s fourth largest island, is the African country with the greatest exposure to cyclones, often experiences multiple landfalls per year. Cyclones therefore pose the greatest risk, accounting for 85 percent of average annual disaster losses in the country. Winds, storm surge, and flooding from cyclones result in damage to infrastructure and agriculture, and to loss of life. After cyclones, flooding poses the next greatest risk, which result in significant damages to people’s homes and property.


Development of Forecast-based Action mechanisms addressing drought induced food insecurity in Madagascar

Beginning in 2020, Welthungerhilfe launched a project to develop predictive-based humanitarian aid mechanisms for food security in the event of drought in Madagascar. The Early Action Protocols (EAP) created as part of the project Protocols reduce the risks to the food security of vulnerable communities, prevent negative management strategies and minimize the loss and damage to drought-affected households.

Risk layering using Forecast-based Financing

 In 2019 WFP began supporting the national Early Warning system to develop a forecast model to anticipate drought.

FAO is working to support early action for drought in Madagascar.