The Kyrgyz Republik (Kyrgyzstan)
Hazards covered by anticipation
Heatwaves and Cold waves
No of people reached by anticipation(activation)
RCSK heatwave test-activation 2019: 3200 people
RCSK heatwave test-activation 2020: 5800 people
RCSK cold wave test-activation 2019-2020: 1000 people (Cold wave EAP, winter 2019-2020)
Anticipation partners in country
Red Crescent Society of Kyrgyzstan (RCSK) | German Red Cross | Kyrgyzhydromet (Kyrgyz Met Office) | Ministry of Emergency Situations | Red Cross Red Crescent Climate Centre
Inform Risk Index
Hazard and Exposure: 4.5
Lack of Coping Capacity: 4.4
Total: 3.5 (medium risk)
Located in the high mountains of Central Asia, Kyrgyzstan is a landlocked, and lower-middle-income country of 6.5 million people. Over ninety percent of the country is over 1,000 and many mountain areas are covered with ice and snow year-round. The majority of the population lives in the foothills and the valleys, exposing them to floods, landslides, mudflows, and avalanches. Furthermore, communities in remote mountain areas are vulnerable to these hazards because they can easily be cut off from economic and health care centers. Because of its location along several seismic fault lines, it also experiences frequent earthquakes.
There is great seasonal variation in temperature, with summer temperatures rising above 40°C and winter temperatures as low as -49°C at higher altitudes. In other areas, winter temperatures are not as extreme, but can remain below freezing for weeks at a time. Although only seven percent of the country’s land is arable, agriculture employs one in three people and accounts for 25 percent of GDP. It is also highly vulnerable to the hydrometeorological hazards listed above.
In an average year, disasters cause approximately 35 million dollars in damages, affecting up to 200 000 people in the country. Hazard events disproportionately impact vulnerable populations such as those living in poverty, those in remote areas, single-parent households, the elderly, and minorities. This is of particular importance because the INFORM Global Risk Index ranks Kyrgyzstan as having a high or very high vulnerability to potential hazards, coupled with very low coping capacity. Though Kyrgyzstan was able to reduce poverty levels from 80 percent to 30 percent, increasing extreme weather events and climate change threaten to jeopardize these advances and ‘push at-risk communities back into poverty.
The Ministry of Emergency Situations of the Kyrgyz Republic (MoES) is the body that coordinates disaster response and acts as the Secretariat for the Inter-Ministerial Commission for Elimination of Natural Disasters and their aftermath in the country. The National System of Civil Protection (NSCP) is a national system that protects the population and territories in emergency situations in peace and wartime. The Inter-Ministerial Commission of Civil Protection (IMCCP) is the coordinating body of the NSCP at the national level. The Prime Minister of Kyrgyzstan acts as the head of IMCCP and the Minister of Emergencies as the first deputy. The Disaster Response Coordination Unit (DRCU) is a consultative coordinating body established by the MoES initiative with the UN country team and representatives of donors and international organizations. It is aimed at developing and implementing joint policy and strategy in disaster response, as well as decision making policy for humanitarian relief, as well as at enhancing collaboration and coordination of disaster response between the Government, the UN agencies, the Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, local and international NGOs, and donor organizations.
The Red Crescent Society of Kyrgyzstan (RCSK) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) with the MoES, which clearly defines the role and responsibilities of the RCSK in disaster management.
In January 2019 the Red Crescent Society of Kyrgyzstan (RCSK) with technical support of the German Red Cross (GRC) and close cooperation with the national hydrometeorological agency (Kyrgyzgydromet) and local Ministry of Emergency Situations (MoES) launched the "Forecast-based Financing (FbF)" project funded by the Deutsche Bank Stiftung (DBS). The project aims to reduce the humanitarian impact of heatwaves and cold waves in the country within the framework of the Forecast-based Financing (FbF) project.