Costa Rica

Key facts:

Hazards covered by anticipation    

Tropical storms

Volcanic ash


No of people reached by anticipation(activation)    

Red Cross protocols anticipate reaching between 2000-3500 families each

Anticipation partners in country    

Costa Rican Red Cross Society | German Red Cross | Red Cross and the Red Cross Red Crescent Climate Centre | National Meteorological Institute (IMN) | National Emergencies Commission (CNE)

Inform Risk Index    

Hazard and Exposure: 3.6

Vulnerability: 3.4

Lack of Coping Capacity: 2.6

Total: 3.2 (low risk)

Rank: 105

Country Profile

Costa Rica is an upper middle-income country in an earthquake-prone, volcanically active region between the North Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea. As such, it is exposed to a variety of hydrometeorological and geophysical hazards, including floods, cyclones, landslides, earthquakes, droughts, and volcanic eruptions. In recent decades, earthquakes, hurricanes, and floods have caused the most extensive economic damage and loss of life. These events damage transportation networks and other infrastructure, destroy homes, damage agricultural land, and kill livestock. Nearly 80 percent of the population is exposed to multiple hazards.

The Costa Rican National Risk Management Policy 2016-2030 (NRMP) defines management of Risk Reduction, Preparedness and Response, and Recovery in the country. The country also has a National Emergency Fund which receives annual contributions from public intuitions and is managed by the National Commission for Risk Prevention and Emergency Response.



Implementing the FbF Mechanism in Costa Rica

In 2019 the Costa Rican Red Cross Society, with support from German Red Cross and the Red Cross Red Crescent Climate Centre have been working with OVSICORI (the meteorological institute), National Meteorological Institute (IMN) and other strategic institutions from the National Emergencies Commission (CNE) to develop EAPs for tropical storms, volcanic ash, and droughts.